Ngoài những buổi ôn luyện IELTS vất vả, chúng ta cũng cần có phút giây thư giãn. Và nghe Podcast chính là cách hiệu quả “vừa học vừa chơi”.
Tuần này, IPP sẽ chia sẻ bài nghe về phong trào diễn ra ngày càng phổ biến tại Mỹ: “Một Ngày Không Có Phụ Nữ”. Phong trào được tổ chức nhằm khuyến khích phái đẹp – đặc biệt là những bà nội trợ – tận hưởng một ngày nghỉ trọn vẹn.
DAVID GREENE, HOST: Today is International Women’s Day. And some women in the United States are marking it by joining a protest called A Day Without A Woman. It is a strike aimed to highlight the economic power of women as well as ongoing problems like discrimination and pay disparity. As NPR’s Eric Westervelt reports, organizers are hoping to build on the success of the Women’s March.
ERIC WESTERVELT, BYLINE: That mass protest January 21, President Donald Trump’s first full day in office, saw more than a million demonstrators converge on Washington. A few million more held rallies in cities across the nation. But today’s protests will be more diffuse and smaller scale. There’s no specific policy goal per se. The effort is to underscore broad goals of equity, justice and human rights for women. Women are encouraged to take the day off from paid and unpaid labor and not to shop except at women and minority-owned and small businesses.
The National Domestic Workers Alliance has endorsed the strike. Ai-jen Poo directs the group which advocates for housekeepers as well as elder care and child care workers. She says it’s a vital labor pool that’s too often grossly underpaid and undervalued.
AI-JEN POO: And so this is an opportunity for women like the low-wage workers that I work with to join together with women everywhere to say women power this economy, to have that be visible and recognized and to think together about how we might shape the future with that power.
WESTERVELT: A day without a woman gained momentum in reaction to President Trump’s policies and comments on women, especially immigrants and Muslims. But planning for the strike predates the Trump administration. Inspiration for organizers came from International Women’s Day actions overseas and the recent Day Without Immigrants protest. Activist and writer L.A. Kauffman.
L A KAUFFMAN: It’s a model of how to use the tool of mass noncompliance in an era when labor movements have been declining for a long time.
WESTERVELT: One unionized group of workers that might buck the trend today is the 76 percent of public school teachers in the U.S. who are women. Faced with large numbers of staffers planning to take the day off for the strike, the school systems in Alexandria, Va., and Chapel Hill, N.C., told students to stay home today. Some conservatives on social media are calling the strike vague, self-serving and say it favors wealthy women. Organizers are calling on all those who can’t afford to take time off today to wear red in solidarity.
– pay disparity: differences in wages or salaries between people of different backgrounds or genders
– converge on: to gather together at a place to meet
– rally: a large public meeting, especially one held to support a particular idea or political party
– diffuse: to spread something or become spread widely in all directions
– endorse: to say publicly that you support a person, statement or course of action
– labor pool: all the people who work in a country
– low-wage worker: a worker who has to receive very low wage or salaries, poor workers
– gain momentum: to gather popularity, to become more active or known by more people
– predate: to be built or formed, or to happen, at an earlier date than something else in the past
– self-serving: interested only in gaining an advantage for yourself
– solidarity: support by one person or group of people for another because they share feelings, opinions, aims, …
Nguồn: NPR Podcast